In this article, I’ll give you more details about this two programming language, so you’ll know exactly the differences between them after reading it.
Java is an object-oriented programming (OPP) language that is designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is a general-purpose programming language intended to let application developers write once, run anywhere (WORA).Wikipedia
Produced in 1995 at Sun Microsystems, Java was released and has since been acquired by Oracle.
Creator James Gosling created Java, first known as Oak, with his goals being to implement a more uniform and simple language than C/C++, and to create a language that would allow consumer devices to communicate with each other.
The difference Java made with programming languages has been revolutionary in the development of the World Wide Web.
The internet is saturated with Java-based programming these days, with countless applications enhancing our day-to-day life every day.
Java code runs both in-browser and in a Virtual Machine (VM), allowing it to be used for both front and back-end purposes, which is where their mantra write once, run anywhere comes in to play.
Regardless of your hardware features, operating system, or device, any Java application will run seamlessly. Also, the source code is compiled into an impenetrable bytecode, boosting its overall security.
Java is a statically typed programming language, meaning when writing code, we must declare the type of variable before a value can be assigned.
For example, this variable will hold numbers, another variable will hold text, and another will hold dates, and so on. The catch when writing in a static language is that if your script contains any errors, it will fail to compile until the errors have been fixed. Sometimes it can be hard to find that error among a long page of code.
Here are some examples of where Java code is used:
- Credit card programming
- Android applications
- Desktop applications
- Enterprise-level applications
In 1990, Brendan Eich, a developer at Netscape, was able to create a programming language in only 10 days.
The variable is dynamic; a number, a sentence, anything. This dramatically affects the usability and makes it an easier coding language for beginners to pick up. Though dynamic languages are more flexible and save time and space, this can lead to issues at runtime.
- Stylistic features like titles and headers
- Animations or transitions
- Buttons, search boxes, sidebars
- User polls, or voting systems
More importantly though, is where and how each language is being used. Javas’ versatility allows you to create compiled programs that run on various platforms.
Java on the other hand became the first programming language to be used on Mars. NASA utilized the Java language to build the controller that operated the Spirit Mars Exploration Rover in 2004.
Since then, they have also incorporated the language into a number of other projects including the JavaFX Deep Space Trajectory Explorer. This application can generate multidimensional views and models for any plant-moon system or asteroid, and is an incredible demonstration of what Java can accomplish.
Below you can find a quick summary of the main differences between these code languages and their uses.
|Object-oriented programming (OPP) language||Object-oriented scripting language|
|Code can be run both in-browser and in a Virtual Machine (VM)||Code is run in-browser only|
|Used within various mobile, desktop and enterprise apps||Used to enhance web pages with styles and animations|
|Static type language||Dynamic type language|
|Objects are class-based, C/C++ Synax||Objects are prototype-based, C Syntax|
|Code is compiled before execution||Code can run directly, without compilation|