You may not be a great musician, and you’re lost in their vocabulary? Don’t worry
I will explain today the difference between two important keywords in music: tempo and rhythm
Do you have an idea?
What is the difference between tempo and rhythm?
Both are used to describe the music melody
The tempo indicates the music frequency, we often use the BPM (beat per minute) to describe it
The rhythm is something more global, which describes the different notes and instruments used in a specific music
I will now go into the details of these two terms, so everything will become clearer for you
The rate of speed of a musical piece or passage indicated by one of a series of directions (such as largo, presto, or allegro) and often by an exact metronome markingMerriam-Webster dictionary
So it’s just the speed of a played song
Imagine a basic melody on the drums, if the drummer plays twice as fast the same song, the tempo will have doubled
And that’s it, we don’t go into the detail of the melody components
BPM means “Beat Per Minute”
It’s a measure norm of the tempo, counting the number of beat per minute
A song with 2 beats per second will have a BPM of 120 (2 beats x 60 seconds)
This notion is old but has been largely perfected with the electronic music growth, computer reading and various equipment for DJs.
It’s indeed essential for the latter, in order to better link two music during a sequence.
The BPM is often slightly modified in order to make the transition as discreet as possible
We gave names to identify a tempo, you probably already heard them
Here are a few examples:
- An Adagio is a relatively slow tempo, which is between 66 and 76 BPM (ex: Bohemian Rhapsody Queen)
- An Allegro is a fast tempo, which is between 120 and 156 BPM (ex: Michael Jackson’s Beat It)
- And a Presto is a quick tempo, between 168 and 200 BPM (ex: Lose Yourself of Eminem)
There is an entire ladder of tempos, and whatever the speed of your piece, a name exists to define it
It’s also possible to play a song written at a certain tempo, in a slower or faster way, in order to change the tempo
Measure the tempo
To get the BPM of the song you have two ways
Most of the time, players use a metronome to respect the music score tempo
A Metronome is a device that produces a tick at regular intervals, depending on how you configured it
So you can configure it to 120 BPM and start it to respect this tempo
Check here on Amazon what it looks like
If you are on a computer, the software will indicate the tempo or BPM directly on the interface
For example, if you use FlStudio Producer Edition to produce electronic music, you have the BPM directly on the screen
An ordered recurrent alternation of strong and weak elements in the flow of sound and silence in speechMerriam-Webster dictionary
So we’re talking here more about all the melody components, rather than just the speed at which it’s executed
The rhythm is therefore a set of things that gives a particular rhythm to a music piece
Generally we can identify a rhythm from the repetition of different components:
- Notes length
- Notes sequencing
This is ultimately the musical expression of a musical score
Indeed, a music score contains both the notes to play, the duration they must have, and obviously in which order
It also gives the speed to player this notes
What is a pulsation? Yes it’s an important point that makes the connection between the two terms seen in this article. We call pulsation the strong accent at the beginning of each beat, which comes back in rhythm, and highligts the tempo of the melody.
What is a measure? Measurement is also an important notion in creating a rhythm. It’s a way of segmenting music into a number of parts, themselves composed of several beats.
Since it’s not always easy to explain this in writing, you will find in the video below a basic measurement of 4 beats on the drums
I hope this musical introduction has allowed you to see more clearly between these two important musical concepts: tempo and rhythm
In summary, the tempo is simply the speed at which a piece is played
While the rhythm is a more complete feature composing the melody
I’m not a great musician, and so I will not go into more detail, but if you’re interested you will find many specialized sites on the subject
You can even consider taking some courses of music theory to clarify this
I am very curious and I love to learn about all types of subjects.
Thanks to my experience on the web, I share my discoveries with you on this site 🙂